Food Truck Safety Training Resources

The following Food Safety Resources are designed to provide food service employees with up-to-date information on food safety. The links cover topics such as: food safety services, prevention of foodborne illness, basics of microorganisms, how to keep clean and sanitary food environemnt, process for foodborne illness prevention, and food safety programs:

Food Truck Resources

Federal Food Safety Resources

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry/US Dept of Health and Human Services (ATSDR)
www.atsdr.cdc.gov

CFSAN: Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition, FDA (Seafood, Fruits, Vegetables, Shell Eggs, and all other Non-Meat Foods)
Product Recalls, Alerts, and Warnings

Foodsafety.gov – The Gateway to Government Food Safety Information
www.foodsafety.gov

National Agricultural Library USDA/FDA Foodborne Illness
www.nal.usda.gov/fnic

National Association of State Departments of Agriculture
www.nasda.org

National Organic Program (AMS/USDA)
www.ams.usda.gov/nop/indexnet.htm

Partnership for Food Safety Education
www.fightbac.org

Recalls.gov: Online Resource for Federal Recalls (Federal and Industry Initiated Recalls) Recalls.gov

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Food Safety Initiative
www.cdc.gov/foodsafety
Agents, Diseases, & Other Threats
Food Safety Activities
News and Media Relations

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Directory of State and Local Officials
www.fda.gov/ora/fed_state/directorytable.htm

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Database
vm.cfsan.fda.gov/%7Elrd/haccp.html

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
www.usda.gov

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
www.fsis.usda.gov

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
www.hhs.gov

USDA/FDA Foodborne Illness Education Information Center
www.nal.usda.gov/foodborne

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
www.epa.gov

 

Food Defense

Association of Food and Drug Officials Food Protection and Defense Committee
www.afdo.org/afdo/Committee/Food-Security-Committee.cfm

Auburn University Detection & Food Safety Center
audfs.eng.auburn.edu/

Centers for Disease Control Emergency Preparedness and Response
www.bt.cdc.gov

FDA CFSAN Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) and Bioterrorism
www.fda.gov/cvm/counterterror.htm

Food Marketing Institute Food Safety & Security
www.fmi.org/foodsafety/bio_security.htm

National Center for Food Safety & Technology, Illinois Institute of Technology
www.ncfst.iit.edu/main/home.html

Purdue Agriculture Research Programs
www.agriculture.purdue.edu/

Rutgers University Food Science and Safety Training and Environment and Public Health Program
www.cpe.rutgers.edu/programs/food_science_food_safety.html

University of Georgia Center for Food Safety
www.ugacfs.org

University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy
www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/biosecurity/food-biosec/index.html

USDA Homeland Security
www.usda.gov/homelandsecurity

U.S. Department of Homeland Security
www.dhs.gov/index.shtm

Retail Food Safety Resources

American Culinary Federation
www.acfchefs.org

American National Standards Institute
On June 17, 2002, ANSI implemented the ANSI-Conference for Food Protection (CFP) accreditation program. ANSI and the Conference for Food Protection entered into a cooperative agreement to accredit organizations involved in the certification of food protection managers. This new program is based on the Conference for Food Protection Accreditation Standards.
www.ansica.org

Canadian Council of Grocery Distributors
www.ccgd.ca

CIES Food Business Forum Global Food Safety Initiative
www.ciesnet.com

Dietary Managers Association
www.dmaonline.org

FDA Food Code
http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/RetailFoodProtection/FoodCode/

Food Distributors International
www.fdi.org

Foodservice Consultants Society International (FCSI)
www.fcsi.org

FoodService Packaging Association
www.foodservicepackaging.org.uk

Foodborne Illness Educational Materials Database
www.nal.usda.gov/foodborne

Foodsafe Listserve/HACCP Training Programs and Resources Database
www.nal.usda.gov/foodborne

The Conference for Food Protection
The Conference for Food Protection is an independent voluntary organization that has identified the essential components of a nationally recognized Food Protection Manager Certification Program and established a mechanism to determine if certification organizations meet these standards.
http://www.foodprotect.org/

National Environmental Health Association
www.neha.org

International Food Safety Council
www.nraef.org

National Association for the Specialty Food Trade
www.specialtyfood.com

National Restaurant Association
www.restaurant.org

International Inflight Food Service Association
www.ifsanet.com

National Food Service Management Institute
www.nfsmi.org

National Registry of Food Safety Professionals, Inc.
www.nrfsp.com

National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation
www.nraef.org/

Food Safety Glossary

  • Acid Food – A food that has a natural pH of 4.6 or below.
  • Adulterated – Something unneeded has been added to or has grown in the food to contaminate it.
  • Bacteria – Bacteria are found in all foods. Most are killed by high temperatures, but some form toxins which may or may not be killed by heat.
  • Calibration – the process of standardizing a temperature monitoring instrument to ensure that it will measure within a specific temperature range in which the instrument is designed to operate.
  • Chemicals – Chemical food born illnesses are among the most deadly. Chemicals and other “natural” toxins formed in food include agents such as scombrotoxin and ciguatoxin. Store cleaning supplies in a different area away from stored food.
  • Control (verb) – To take all necessary actions to ensure and maintain compliance with criteria established in the HACCP Plan.
  • Control (noun) – The state wherein correct procedures are being followed and criteria are being met.
  • Control Measures – Actions and activities that can be used to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.
  • Convection Oven – An oven with fans that move the hot air around to give more even heat.
  • Corrective Actions – Actions to be taken when the results of monitoring at the CCP indicate a loss of control.
  • Critical Control Point (CCP) – A step at which control can be applied and is essential to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.
  • Critical Limit – A criterion which separates acceptability from unacceptability.
  • Cross-contamination – Cross-contamination is when bacteria spread between food, surfaces or equipment.
  • Danger Zone – Temperature of food between 41º F (7º C) and 140º F (60º C).
  • Detergent – A chemical used to remove grease, dirt and food, such as washing-up liquid.
  • Disinfectant – A chemical that kills bacteria. Check that surfaces are clean of grease, dirt and food before you use a disinfectant. Chemicals that kill bacteria are sometimes called germicides, bactericides or biocides.
  • Employee – Any person working in or for a food service establishment who engages in food preparation or service, who transports food or Food containers, or who comes in contact with any food utensils or equipment.
  • Equipment- All stoves, ranges, hoods, meat blocks, tables, counters, Refrigerators, freezers, sinks, dishwashing machines, steam tables and similar items, other than utensils, used in the operation of a food service establishments.
  • Fixed food establishment – A food service establishment which operates at a specific location and is connected to electric utilities, water, and a sewage disposal system.
  • Foodbourn Illness – A general term often used to describe any disease or illness caused by eating contaminated food or drink.
  • Foodbourn infections – These occur when “enough” of the live bacterial cells that have reproduced in the food, small intestine, or both are consumed. The severity of the infection depends on the virulence of the bacteria, resistance of the victim, and the number of cells that survive digestion.
  • Foodbourn intoxications – These result from a poison or toxin produced by reproductive bacterial cells in food or in the human body. Bacterial toxins have varying resistance to heat; some can even survive boiling. Other toxins can be a natural part of the food, for example, certain types of mushrooms.
  • Foodbourn Illness Outbreak – The Centers for Disease Control define an outbreak of food born illness as illness that involves two or more persons who eat a common food, with the food confirmed as the source of the illness by a laboratory analysis. The only exception is that a single case of botulism qualifies as an outbreak.
  • Food contact surfaces -Surfaces of equipment and utensils with which normally comes in contact, and those surfaces from which food may drain, drip, or splash back onto surfaces normally in contact with Food.
  • Food poisoning – An illness that occurs when people eat food that has been contaminated with harmful germs (particularly bacteria and viruses) or toxins (poisonous substances).
  • Food Preparation – The manipulation of foods intended for human consumption by such means as washing, slicing, peeling, chipping, shucking, scooping and/or portioning.
  • Food Safety Management System (FSMS) – A food safety management system (FSMS) is a network of interrelated elements that combine to ensure that food does not cause adverse human health effects.
  • Food Service Establishment – Any facility, where food is prepared and intended for individual portion service, and includes the site at Which individual portions are provided.
  • HACCP – A system which identifies, evaluates, and controls hazards which are significant for food safety.
  • HACCP Plan – A document prepared in accordance with the principles of HACCP to ensure control of hazards which are significant for food safety in the segment of the food chain under consideration.
  • Hazard – A biological, chemical or physical agent or factor with the potential to cause an adverse health effect.
  • Hazard Analysis – The process of collecting and evaluating information on hazards and conditions leading to their presence to decide which are significant for food safety and therefore should be addressed in the HACCP plan.
  • Kitchenware – All multi-use utensils, other than tableware (such as pots, pans).
  • Limited Food Service Establishment – Any establishment with a food operation, so limited by the type and quantity of foods prepared and the equipment utilized, that poses a lesser degree of risk to the public’s health, and, for the purpose of fees, requires less time to monitor.
  • Monitor – The act of conducting a planned sequence of observations or measurements of control parameters to assess whether a CCP is under control.
  • Parasites – These tiny organisms can cause severe illness. Parasites need nutrients from their host to complete their life cycle. They are always associated with raw or undercooked meat and fish, including pork, bear meat and others.
  • Pathogen – Any disease producing agent, microorganism or germ.
  • Perishable Foods – Any food of such type or in such condition as may spoil; provided, that foods which are in hermetically sealed containers processed by heat or other means to prevent spoilage and properly packaged, dehydrated, dry or powered foods so low in moisture content as to retard development of microorganism are not considered readily perishable.
  • Potentially Hazardous Food – Any perishable food that is capable of supporting rapid and progressive growth of infectious or toxigenic microorganisms.
  • Salmonella – A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever and a number of other illnesses, including food poisoning, gastroenteritis and enteric fever from contaminated food products.
  • Safe Temperatures – As applies to potentially hazardous foods, means Temperatures of 41 degrees F or below, or 140 degrees F or above.
  • Sanitize – Kill germs with chemicals or high heat.
  • Sanitizer – A two-in-one product that acts as a detergent and a disinfectant.
  • Single-Service Articles – Any cups, containers, closures, plates, straws, place mats, napkins, doilies, spoons, stirrers, paddles, knives, forks, wrapping materials, and all similar articles, which are constructed wholly or in part from paper or paper material, foil, wood, plastic, synthetic or other readily destructible materials, for one time and one person use and then discarded.
  • Step – A point, procedure, operation or stage in the food chain including raw materials, from primary production to final consumption.
  • Sulfiting agent – A kind of salt used to help keep some foods, including meats, looking fresh.
  • Tableware – Multi-use eating and drinking items, including flatware, knives, forks, spoons, glasses, cups, etc.
  • Temperature – a critical measurement for ensuring the safety and quality of many food products.
  • Trichinosis – A disease caused by eating a parasite, a worm, found in pork that is raw or undercooked. It causes pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
  • Utensil – Implements such as pots, pans, ladles or food containers used in the preparation, storage, transportation or serving of food.
  • Verification – The application of methods, procedures, and tests, in addition to those used in monitoring to determine compliance with the HACCP plan, and/or whether the HACCP plan needs modification.
  • Viruses – Viruses grow or reproduce only on living cells. They are often found in untreated water or sewage-contaminated water, and viruses from human feces on unwashed hands can infect others by passing the virus to food. Normal cooking may lower the risk of illness but may not destroy all viruses.

Food Trucks Resources

National League of Cities – Food Trucks – National League of Cities serves the interests of 19,000 cities, towns and villages in the US as well as professionals working in municipal government. Membership in the association is not required. The National League of Cities (NLC) recently released a study in which they looked at the mobile food industry and how cities can implement best practices to bring food trucks to the streets of their communities. Based on recurring themes and commonalities they grouped regulations into four policy areas: Economic activity, public space, public health and public safety with recommendations provided for each.

Payment Processors & Business Resources

SquareUp – A popular way to accept payments on the go.

PayPal – The popular payment processor can also help you with transactions on the truck.

ShopKeep – iPad point of sale, highly rated by over 22,000+ growing business owners.

Note: It pays to shop around with payment processors to get the best deal as they will take a small fee out of each transaction. Be sure to ask your local bank or credit union if they have mobile payment solutions as well to ensure you get the best terms.

WebstaurantStore – Ultimate resource for sourcing supplies for your food truck. Order everything from disposable plates to beverage mixes and even vending kiosks. Almost every supply you could ever need to operate a restaurant can be found here.

 

Miscellaneous Food Safety Training Sites